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Phases (stages) of Motor Development The development of a child's motor behavior is a sequential process. This development starts with simple reflexes to the learning of postural movements, to locomotor responses, and finally, fine manipulative movements. Four phases of development are usually identified. Phase 1 - Development of basic locomotor skills A. Running B. Jumping C. Hopping D. Skipping Phase 2 - Development of manipulative skills A. Throwing B. Catching C. Ball movement D. Equipment manipulation Phase 3 - Development of striking skills A. With body parts B. With bats C. With paddles and racquets Phase 4 - Development of specialized skills A. Soccer skills B. Softball skills C. Basketball Skills
1. Of the four phases of motor development, what phase is “striking skills” ?
Hop Legs: 1. Support leg bends on landing then straightens to push off. 2. Push off and land on ball of the foot. 3. Nonsupport leg bent and swings in rhythm with the support leg. Head and Trunk: 4. Head stable, eyes focused forward. Arms: 5. Arms bent and swing forward as support leg pushes off. Equipment - A flat, open area approximately 15 metres long. Observation position - To the support leg side, halfway along. Instruction - "Hop from one end to the other." Vertical Jump Preparation: 1. Eyes focused forward or upward throughout the jump. 2. Crouch with knees bent and arms behind the body. Propulsion: 3. Forceful forward and upward swing of the arms. 4. Legs straighten in the air. Landing: 5. Land on balls of the feet and bend knees to absorb landing. 6. Controlled landing with no more than one step in any direction. Observation position - To the side. Instruction - "Jump as high as you can." Skip Legs: 1. Shows a rhythmical step-hop. 2. Land on ball of the foot. 3. Knee of support leg bends to prepare for hop. Head and Trunk: 4. Head and trunk stable, eyes focused forward. Arms: 5. Arms relaxed and swing in opposition to legs. Equipment - A flat, open area approximately 15 metres long. Observation position - To the side, halfway along. Instruction - "Skip from one end to the other." Kick Preparation: 1. Eyes focused on the ball throughout the kick. 2. Forward and sideward swing of arm opposite kicking leg. 3. Nonkicking foot placed beside the ball. 4. Bend knee of kicking leg at least 90 degrees during the backswing. Propulsion: 5. Contact ball with top of the foot (a "shoelace" kick). Follow Through: 6. Kicking leg follows through high towards the target area. Equipment - Large, soft ball. Observation position - To the kicking leg side. Instruction - "Run up to the ball and kick it as far as you can." Throw Preparation: 1. Eyes focused on the target area through- out the throw. 2. Stands side-on to target area. 3. Throwing arm moves in a down-ward and backward arc. Propulsion: 4. Step towards the target area with foot opposite throwing arm. 5. Hips then shoulders rotate forward. Follow Through: 6. Throwing arm follows through down and across the body. Equipment - A beanbag or small ball. Observation position - To the throwing arm side. Instruction - "Throw the object as far as you can." (Students may take a 2-3 step run-up.) Catch Preparation: 1. Eyes are focused on the object throughout the catch. 2. Feet move to place the body in line with the object. 3. Hands move to meet the object. Reception: 4. Hands and fingers relaxed and slightly cupped to catch the object. 5. Catch and control the object with hands only (well-timed closure). 6. Elbows bend to absorb the force of the object. Equipment - Small, soft object (e.g., beanbag [yr. 1]; tennis ball [yr 3]). Observation position - To the side, and slightly towards the front (45 degree angle). Instruction - "Catch the object with two hands."
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